HistoryEveryone knows it, the best like it – however, hardly any attention is paid to Agaricus bisporus, better known as the button mushroom, as a medicinal mushroom, at least in Germany. This mushroom, which is found all over the world, has been cultivated for centuries and, like Agaricus blazei Murrill, is part of the Agaricus genus, contains many valuable components. Besides the mushroom’s use in cuisine, they justify its targeted use for certain indications – for instance, to support the liver, to protect against cell degeneration and to promote wound healing.
Applications tested in practice• Complementary therapy for cancer (especially bowel, breast and prostate cancer) and prevention of tumour disorders
The conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) contained in the button mushroom are believed to possess anti-carcinogenic properties. The polysaccharides, proteoglycans and steroids act in a similar way, and we already know from scientific studies into other medicinal mushrooms that these substances offer a protective effect against cell degeneration.
• Protection and support of liver health
One study showed that the button mushroom possesses a protective effect against fatty liver disease. The relevant markers in the blood normalised and the lipometabolism showed better values overall. The detoxifying effect of the liver is promoted.
• Support for healthy wound healing and prevention of excessive scarring, particularly following cataract and glaucoma surgery on the eye
The button mushroom contains lectin, which can counteract scar formation, and is also very rich in various vital substances, which promote rapid healing of wounds. This is particularly exploited in ophthalmology.
• Regulation of blood fat levels
The substance lovastatin contained in the button mushroom can regulate the cholesterol level in the blood as well as other blood lipid levels and, in this way, protect against heart and vascular diseases. What’s more, the mushroom is rich in potassium and also low in sodium – a mineral composition that counteracts high blood pressure.
Other namesButton mushroom, champignon mushroom, Portobello mushroom, mo gu, Agaricus brunnecens, Agaricus hortensis
Widespread in forests, meadows, gardens and steppes in various climate zones. Today, the button mushroom is cultivated almost throughout the world.
Special featuresWorldwide, there are presumably 200 different types within the Agaricus genus. Most of them are edible but there are also some poisonous types. One example is the yellow-staining mushroom, which grows in parks and deciduous forests and is easy to identify in that the pileipellis and base of the stem stain bright yellow within seconds when rubbed and smell like carbolic acid.
The information on this page is of a general nature. It does not represent any advice for individual cases regarding the use of the individual medicinal mushrooms and is also unable to replace such advice. Please always discuss the consumption of medicinal mushrooms for preventative or therapeutic purposes with your treating doctor or alternative practitioner.